Dhikr: The Essence of Islam

12. Rafi’ ibn Khadij reported that when his Companions met with him, at the end of it when the Messenger of Allah wanted to get up, he said, “Glory be to You, O Allah, and by Your praise. I testify that there is no god but Allah. I ask forgiveness of You and repent to You. I have acted badly and have wronged myself, so forgive me. Only You forgive wrong actions.” They said, “Messenger of Allah, are these words which you originated?” “Yes,” he replied, “Jibra’il came to me and said, “O Muhammad, they are the expiations of the gathering.” (an-Nasa’i)

13. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said that he said, “There are certain words which someone can say in a gathering devoted to good or a gathering of dhikr by which Allah will seal the gathering as the page is sealed with a seal. They are: ‘Glory be to You, O Allah, and with Your praise. There is no god but You. I ask You for forgiveness and turn to You.'” (Abu Dawud and Ibn Hibban)

5. Encouraging saying “la ilaha illa’llah” and its excellence

14. Abu Hurayra said, “I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, who will be the person happiest with your intercession on the Day of Rising?’ The Messenger of Allah replied, ‘I think that none would ask about this before you since I know your eagerness for hadith [learning]. The person happiest with my intercession on the Day of Rising will be the one who says: “There is no god but Allah” sincerely from his heart.'” (al-Bukhari)

15. Jabir reported that the Prophet said, “The best dhikr is ‘La ilaha illa’llah,’ and the best supplication is ‘al-hamdu lillah‘.” (an-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah)

16. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Do a lot of the shahada, testifying that there is no god but Allah before there comes a barrier between you and it.” (Abu Ya’la)

17. He reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Renew your faith.” He was asked, “Messenger of Allah, how do we renew our faith?” He replied, “Say often: ‘There is no god but Allah.'” (Ahmad and at-Tabarani)

18. ‘Amr said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, “I know some words which, if a person says it truly from his heart and dies on that, he will be unlawful to the Fire: ‘There is no god but Allah’.” (al-Hakim)

Encouraging saying “There is no god but Allah alone with no partner”

19. Abu Ayyub reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Anyone who says, ‘There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. His is the kingdom and His is the praise. He has power over everything’ ten times, it is as if he had set free four slaves of the descendants of Isma’il.” (Agreed upon)

20. Ya’qub ibn ‘Asim reported that two of the Companions of the Prophet heard the Prophet say, “No one at all says “There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. The kingdom and praise belong to Him and He has power over everything” sincerely with his soul, affirming it with his heart, articulating it with his tongue but that Allah splits open the heaven so that He can look at the one on the earth who says it, and it is a right of the slave at whom Allah looks that He grant him his request.” (an-Nasa’i)

6. Encouraging glorification, takbir, the shahada, and praise in its various forms

21. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Two words are light on the tongue, heavy in the balance, beloved to the Merciful: ‘Glory be to Allah and by His praise. Glory be to Allah, the Immense.'” (Agreed upon)

22. Abu Umama reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever dreads to endure the night, or is miserly about spending money, or is too cowardly to fight the enemy should say often: ‘Glory be to Allah and with His praise.’ It is more beloved to Allah than a mountain of gold spent in the Way of Allah.” (at-Tabarani)

23. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Anyone who says, ‘Glory be to Allah and with His praise’ a hundred times a day will have his sins fall away, even if they are like the froth of the sea.” (Muslim and at-Tirmidhi)

24. Mus’ab ibn Sa’d (ibn Abi Waqqas) said that his father said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah when he asked, ‘Are any of you able to earn a thousand good deeds every day?’ One of those who was sitting there asked him, ‘How can someone earn a thousand good deeds?’ He said, ‘Glorifying a hundred times is written as a thousand good deeds or a thousand errors fall away from him.'” (Muslim and an-Nasa’i)

25. Samura ibn Jundub reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “The dearest of words to Allah are four: ‘Glory be to Allah; Praise be to Allah; There is no god but Allah; and Allah is greater.’ It does not matter whichever of them you say first.”(Muslim and an-Nasa’i, He added, “They are part of the Qur’an.”.)

26. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet passed by him when he was planting a seedling and he asked, “Abu Hurayra, what is that which you are planting?” He said, “Seedlings.” He said, “Shall I not direct you to a seedling better than this? ‘Glory be to Allah. Praise be to Allah. Allah is greater, and there is no god but Allah.’ Each word of them will plant a tree for you in the Garden.” (Ibn Majah)

27. Umm Hani’ said, “The Messenger of Allah passed by me one day and I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, I am old and weak, so command me something I can do sitting.’ He said, ‘Say “Glory be to Allah” a hundred times: it is equal to a hundred slaves of the descendants of Isma’il you set free. Say “Praise be to Allah” a hundred times: it is equal to a hundred horses saddled and bridled and ridden in the Way of Allah. Say “Allah is greater” a hundred times: it is equal to a hundred camels garlanded and facing qibla. Say “There is no god but Allah” a hundred times. (I think he said) It fills up what is between heaven and earth. On that day no one will have a better action presented that which will be presented for you unless he brings the like of what you bring.'” (Ahmad, at-Tabarani and al-Bayhaqi)

28. Abu Dharr reported that some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah *said, “Messenger of Allah, the wealthy have appropriated the rewards. They pray as we pray and they fast as we fast, but they give sadaqa since they have more wealth.”He said, “Did not Allah give you that which you can give as sadaqa? Every glorification is sadaqa. Every takbir is sadaqa. Every praise is sadaqa. Every ‘la ilaha illa’llah’ is sadaqa. Commanding the right is sadaqa. Forbidding the wrong is sadaqa.” (Muslim and Ibn Majah)

29. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Take your protection.”They asked, “Messenger of Allah, from an enemy present?” He replied, “No, but your protection against the Fire. Say: ‘Glory be to Allah. There is no god but Allah, and Allah is greater.’ They will come on the Day of Rising in front and behind you. They are lasting righteous ones.” (an-Nasa’i and al-Bayhaqi. At-Tabarani has it in al-Awsat and adds, “There is no strength or power except by Allah.”)

30. ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, “Anyone who is tight-fisted about giving money, fears the struggle against the enemy and is wearied by the night should often say, “There is no god but Allah. Allah is greater. Praise be to Allah and glory be to Allah.'” (At-Tabarani)

31. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Any words which do not with praise are mutilated.” (Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’i, and Ibn Majah)

7. Encouraging saying, “Glory be to Allah,” “Praise be to Allah”, “There is no god but Allah” and “Allah is greater” in mosques

32. Umm al-Mu’minin Juwayriyya bint al-Harith reported that the Prophet left her and then he returned after the sun was well risen and she was still sitting there. He said, “You are still in the state you were when I left you?” She said, “Yes.” The Prophet said, “I said four words three times after I left you. If they were to be weighed against everything you have recited today they would outweigh it: ‘Glory be to Allah and by His praise in number as great as His creation and His own pleasure, the weight of His Throne and the ink of His words.'”(Muslim and the Four)

33. ‘A’isha bint SaŒd ibn Abi Waqqas related from her father that, together with the Messenger of Allah, he visited a woman and in front of her were some date-stones – or pebbles – which she was using to glorify Allah. He said, ‘Shall I inform you what is easier for you than this – or better?’ He said, ‘Glory be to Allah by the number of things He has created in the heaven and glory be to Allah by the number of things He has created in the earth and glory be to Allah by the number of things in between them and glory be to Allah by the number of things He has created. Then say, “Allah is greater” in the same way and “Praise be to Allah” in the same way, and “There is no god but Allah” in the same way and “There is no power nor strength except by Allah” in the same way.'” (Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi)

8. Encouraging saying “There is no power nor strength except by Allah”

34. Abu Musa said that the Prophet said, “Say: ‘There is no power nor strength except by Allah.’ It is one of the treasures of the Garden.” (Agreed upon, and in the transmission of an-Nasa’i: “Whoever says ‘There is no strength nor power except by Allah’, it is the cure for ninety-nine illnesses, the least of which is worry.”)