Attaining God Consciousness (Taqwa) During Ramadan A practical Guide

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim


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Attaining God Consciousness (Taqwa) During Ramadan A practical Guide

Outward conditions for fasting

29 Ramadan, 1436 : June 2015

1.The first outward duty is to watch the beginning of the month of Ramadan and announce it at the observation of the new moon (al-hilal). If clouds make the observation of the new moon impossible then the length of Shaban should be extended to thirty days. By observation we mean actual sighting of the new moon. Anyone who hears a trustworthy witness say that he has seen the new moon and believes him, fasting then becomes incumbent on him.

2.The second outward duty is intention (niyyah). Every night before the dawn of the following day one should specifically and deliberately entertain the intention of fasting. If he should entertain the intention to fast the month of Ramadan but fails to renew his intention every night his fast would not be valid...

3.The third duty is that, as long as he remembers that he is fasting, the individual should abstain from intentionally allowing any material substance such as food, drink, snuff and enema, to enter his body... Whatever enters the body unintentionally, such as dust, or water, during the rinsing of the mouth will not invalidate the fast...

4.The fourth duty is abstinence from sexual intercourse.

5.The fifth duty is abstinence from deliberate seminal emission.

6.The sixth outward duty is abstinence from vomiting. If one cannot help it however, his fast remains intact and valid.

Practices connected with the Fast

1.Delaying the time of suhur (until near the time of daybreak).

2.Speeding the breaking of the fast by eating dates or drinking water before performing the prayer

3.Generous giving throughout the month.

4.Special study of the Our' an.

5.Retreat (i'tikaf) into the mosque, especially during the last ten days of Ramadan (in which the Night of Power, laylatul-Qadr, falls)

Inward conditions of fasting

Fasting is of three grades:

A.The fasting of the general public (sawm al-umun)

B.The fasting of the select few (sawm al-khusus)

C.The fasting of the elite among the select few (sawmkusus al-khusus)

The fasting of the general public involves refraining from satisfying the appetites of the stomach and the appetites of sex and is described in the section on Outward conditions.

The fasting of the select few is to keep the ears, the eyes, the tongue, and hands, the feet and other senses free from wrong actions. It consists of:

1. Refraining from looking at anything disapproved, or anything which occupies the person and distracts him from remembering Allah.

2.Keeping the tongue free from raving, lying, backbiting, tale-bearing, obscenity, abusive speech, wrangling and hypocrisy.

3.Closing the ears to every reprehensible thing because everything which is unlawful to utter is also unlawful to hear.

4.Restraining the limbs from wrong actions as well as avoiding questionable foods at the breaking of the fast.

5.Not overeating when breaking the fast.

6.Remaining in a state of suspense between fear and hope after breaking the fast as to whether or not the fast has been accepted by Allah.

The fast of the elite among the select few is the fast of the heart from mean thoughts and worldly worries and its complete unconcern with anything but Allah and the Last Day, as well as by concern over this world, except insofar as it promotes the deen (life-transaction), which belongs to the hereafter.

Every act of worship is possessed of an outward form and an inner secret, an external husk and internal path. The husks are of different grades and each grade has different layers. It is for you to choose whether to be content with the husk or join the company of the wise and learned.

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